Grass Sod for North Florida Lawns
( Stepnotaphrum secundatum Kuntze )
St. Augustine grass sod is the most commonly used lawn grass throughout
Florida. It is well adapted to warmth and humidity making it and
ideal sod candidate for our warm
climate with heavy rainfall. It can be
successfully grown in a wide range of
soils but will require irrigation and a
moderate soil fertility in order to
develop a high quality turf.
Origination of St.
Augustine grass is said to have originated both in the Mediterranean and the Gulf of
Deep blue green
color and a dense foliage cover
Well adapted to a
wide variety of soils
Tolerant of a wide
range of soil PH levels
with good shade tolerance when compared to other warm season grasses
form sod making it easy on homeowners to develop an “instant lawn”
Fast growth rate,
recovers quickly from damage
Coarse leaf texture
may be disliked by some as a lawn grass
to produce a quality turf
tolerant and will brown out if supplemental irrigation is not supplied during drought
Thatch buildup can
Damage from chinch
Not available from
susceptible to gray leaf spot, large brown patch and take all root rot
Soil Preference of
St. Augustine Grass:
Augustine grass cultivars are
tolerant of a wide range of soils and soil PH levels
St. Augustine grass is
among the most shade tolerant of the warm season grasses with some varieties of St. Augustine
tolerating shaded conditions extremely well including ‘Bitterblue’ in the
normal growth habit range and ‘Seville’ in the dwarf growth habit cultivars.
Salt Tolerance of ST. Augustine Sod:
All varieties of
St. Augustine sod have good salt tolerance and are extensively used in
Florida’s coastal areas. It is tolerant both of salt spray and sodic
Water Requirements for A St. Augustine Grass Lawn:
Augustine grass should be watered on an as needed basis. When leaf blades begin to turn a gray green
color, fold up or when footprints remain on lawn after walking across it then you know it is time to water your
lawn. Apply ¾ inch of water with an irrigation system or sprinkler watering to a depth of 8-12 inches deep in
the morning if possible before 10 am to avoid water loss through
Watering frequency will vary with the seasons and
local rainfall levels, but take care not to decrease the water quantity at any time, adjust water frequency.
This helps not only to drought proof your lawn but keep it healthy and free from disease as well.
CAUTION - St. Augustine grass sod requires a different approach to mowing than all other warm
season lawn grasses!
Standard ST. Augustine
Mow cultivars of Standard St.
Augustine grass sod to 3.5 - 4 inches tall! Repeatedly
mowing at a lower height can increase the stress on your lawn,
thereby increasing lawn problems including shallow grass roots,
increases susceptibility to pest problems and lowered defense against diseases.
St. Augustine Sod
Dwarf varieties of St. Augustine grass sod should be mowed at 2 - 2.5
Augustine grass sod has
lower traffic tolerance
Augustine grass lawns will require at a minimum
times a year in the spring and again in the late summer fertilizer application including a
complete fertilizer like 16-4-8, 10-10-10 or 6-6-6 with micronutrients at the rate of 1 lb of
actual nitrogen per 1000 s.f. of grass area. Grass clippings should be left on lawns being minimally
For optimum appearance, St. Augustine lawns will need an additional 2 times a
year. The Early spring (March) then the twice additional in summer (May and again in July) then the
late summer or early fall application in September. For a total of 4 applications yearly.
A happy medium would be an early spring
application of a complete fertilizer such as 16-4-8, an early summer
nitrogen only and a late summer complete fertilizer such as 6-6-6, along
with incorporating grass clippings into the lawn
with a proper mowing and watering care for a healthy, deep green lawn you can be proud of.
Chinch bugs are the major
insect problem of St Augustien grass lawns. Fortunately there are chinch bug resistant varieties such as
Floratam and Floralawn. Other pests include sod websorm, armyworms,
grass loopers, mole crickets,white grubs and
nematodes. Remember, high levels of nitrogen fertilizer increase insect infestations.
Brown patch and
gray leaf spot are the most common St. Augustine grass
lawn diseases. Both diseases can be controlled with fungicides such as copper sulfate applied as a foliar
Augustine grass can be established by sodding, sprigging and
Augustine grass sod is the most commonly used lawn grass throughout Florida. It is well adapted to warmth and humidity making it and ideal sod candidate
for our warm climate with heavy rainfall. Salt tolerant, St. Augustine
grass varieties are an ideal choice for an attractive seaside lawn.
There are several varieties of St. Augustine
Each variety varies slightly on the above
but still holds the same general
Don't think St. Augustine grass
sod is right for you?
Check out our the
other warm season Varities of Sod for
Jacksonville | St. Augustine |
North Florida Area.