Soil Problems and Their Solutions
La Florida, the land named after the abundance of flowers found growing wild by Spanish explorer Juan
Ponce De Leon. Our "flowery land" is just that, a land where anything grows. But Floridas soils are not
without their challenges.
Alkaline or High PH Soils:
- Characteristic of light rainfall areas with soils high in lime
like limestone marl or seashells and sodium content. High Alkalinity can also result from concrete left over from
construction of a new home or mortar from a wall that was just built etc.
- High organic matter compost or cow manure, composted leaves, peat moss, ground pine
bark or other wood chips and elemental sulfur can be incorporated into the soil to help lower the PH. I should note
here that not all sulfur compounds that increase sulfur levels will acidify the soil, so don’t use calcium
sulfate(gypsum) or potassium sulfate or magnesium sulfate(Epsom salt) to acidify the soil, you will be wasting time
and money. You can use some sulfate compounds such as ammonium sulfate aluminum sulfate or iron sulfate that do
have some soil acidifying results. All attempts to change soil PH will be temporary.
- Characteristic of heavy rainfall areas high in sandy as well as humus
- Help raise the PH of very Acidic soils by adding lime in the form of
- Characteristic of construction sites or old parking areas or other areas of
- Help uncompact hard pan soils by tilling up the soil surface 6-10 inches deep.
And adding organic amendments such as compost, leaf mold, ground pine bark, wood chips etc. into the soil.
- Characteristic of poorly draining iron deficient soils.
- Help improve chlorosis in soils by first improving drainage to the area and
then adding chelated iron, or iron sulfate.
High (NA) Sodium content:
- Characteristic of areas with direct as well as indirect salt spray from the
ocean or intercoastal waterway her in North Florida either normally affected or affected as the result of a passing
storm causing increased salinity in soils.
- Help improve sodium riddled soils by improving drainage to the area so that
all fresh water applied through rain and irrigation systems will leach the salts through the soil. A good soaking
after a storm passes is always a good idea in salt burn sensitive areas. Gypsum (calcium sulfate )is also thought
to help reduce the impact of the crusting of sodium riddled soil surfaces.
Check out our help page for soil
problems and the ammendments that help to fix them.
Now that you have conquered soil problems and are familiar with their
for other common issues to the North Florida | Jacksonville
St. Augustine landscape, check out our
Sod Q @ A page